Finance News

Significant growth of the Russian banks

The top order of banks in the central and eastern Europe (CEE) region changed little in 2007, but the striking story is the strength of the largest Russian banks.

Sberbank and VTB Bank more than doubled their Tier 1 capital, pulling much further ahead of the CEE pack and also vaulting up the global rankings - Sberbank rose from 66 to 33, while VTB jumped from 116 up to 60. Sberbank's assets grew by more than 40% to exceed $200bn, while those of VTB were up more than 75%, at $93bn.

Of course, the strength of oil prices continues to drive the Russian economy, with gross domestic product growth hitting 8.1% in 2007, up from 6.7% in 2006. Even so, the performance of the banking sector is impressive in a year when the Central Bank of Russia was obliged to inject emergency liquidity in August 2007 to counter capital outflows that followed the freeze-up of global credit markets.

In practice, the total number of Russian banks in the Top 25 for the region remains unchanged at 18 but there has been significant movement further down the list. Russia's Globexbank and Rossiyskiy Kredit Bank have been squeezed out of the Top 25 by new arrivals, along with the General Banking and Trust in Hungary, where economic growth is languishing.

Vnesheconombank (VEB), with an estimated $1.2bn of capital, has been removed from the Top 1000 listing after the introduction of a new legal framework in 2007 that confirms its status as a state-owned development bank, explicitly barred from competing with commercial banks.

Two key economic themes in Russia in the past year have been the rise of the regions, and the stellar growth of consumer credit - up by about 30 percent in 2007. These are reflected in the new entrants to the Top 25, including Ak-Bars Bank from the oil-rich region of Tatarstan, and the Russian arm of regional consumer finance specialist Home Credit and Finance Bank.

Source: The Banker
Date: 16.07.2008 [ID: 174]

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